Withdrawal Agreement Bill Political Declaration
After being passed at second reading on Friday afternoon by 124 votes, the bill moves on to the next phase after the Christmas break. Clause 31, which must provide for Parliament`s approval of negotiations on future relations in the October act, has disappeared. Under the old bill, the House of Commons should have approved the government`s negotiating objectives in the next phase of the talks. The parliamentary approval process for future relations agreements, which will be negotiated with the EU at a later date, has also disappeared. The political declaration clearly shows that the free movement of people will take place after that. In the statement, both parties commit to the objective of visa exemption for short-term visits and propose that similar rules apply to students, exchanges or researchers. However, there is no obligation for citizens who wish to live and work in both legal orders in the long term. The agreement defines the goods, services and processes associated with them. Any provision of goods or services legally put on the market before leaving the EU may be made available to consumers in the UK or in the EU Member States (Article 40-41). It gives the EU Committee of the House of Lords the right to review developments in EU legislation of “vital national interest” for the UK during the transition or implementation period. The House of Commons already had those powers under the October Act. The withdrawal agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for the UK`s orderly exit from the EU, in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on european Union. b) changes to the non-binding political declaration, which will form the basis of negotiations for a future EU-UK trade agreement.
The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286.